Health Systems


The health care system is a collection of social actors and bodies responsible for the provision of health services. If he calls it a service, it is a health service whose direct purpose is to improve or protect health1. This does not prevent health services from pursuing other goals (secondary, but important): achieving business benefits in private organizations, political goals (attention to the needs of the population, creating jobs in the public sector, for example), contrary to the direct goal.

On the other hand, nutrition, housing, education, and many other activities are known to have a much larger impact on health (as measured by common parameters) than the impact of specific health services, as shown in Figure 1.1, although its immediate purpose is not for improving the health of the population. Contrary to this popular belief, the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000 believes that most of the health indicators of the population are due to medical care.

What is happening in developed countries is probably likely, but cannot be accepted in more disadvantaged countries, where unacceptable living conditions according to Western criteria still exist, such as lack of drinking water, sewage treatment, help with childbirth; if not wars, famine, violence, family fragmentation, unemployment, etc. la care nu au acostumbrados are headlines (when they decide to tackle these issues).

The WHO, which has traditionally characterized the globalization of health data for those living too long on a small fraction of the party, seems to have recently changed its directives on this issue, despite epidemics (AIDS) or the recovery of large populated areas. and social divide in countries such as China or the former communist orbit (with consequent deterioration in health data).   Failure and the need to resist the addiction of others are unforeseen situations that can affect anyone in society.

In principle, they had to be covered by the family (in the literal and broadest sense) and the tribe. Until the most recent historical times, if he believed that health was a blessing, the restoration or maintenance of which could be subject to some compensation. Like any other product, it can be bought and sold at market value. In medieval Europe, religious institutions and public organizations, when declaring that …