Enteral – performed in a hospital or clinic that provides nutritional care
Enteral and parenteral nutrition must be performed in accordance with current medical knowledge; the types of diets, the rules for the care of access to enteral or parenteral nutrition and the dietary rules, as well as the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of complications must comply with the standards of parenteral and enteral nutrition developed by the Polish Society for Parenteral Nutrition. and enteral nutrition. Enteral nutrition can be used in patients with artificial access to the gastrointestinal tract because it is impossible to take food orally while the gastrointestinal tract is functioning.
Parenteral – performed in a hospital setting
Parenteral nutrition is used in patients who cannot be fed through the gastrointestinal tract; all the nutrients needed for parenteral food are administered intravenously.
Respiratory support (IVL)
In a care unit.
Respiratory support is applied to patients with respiratory failure in a hospital that does not require hospitalization in intensive care units, but requires continuous ventilatory therapy with a ventilator. In a medical unit, they use mechanical respiratory support or 24/7 pressure support.
Services may include patients who have adequate conditions at home and family members / legal guardians trained in the care and operation of medical equipment and first aid. At home, it is performed:
- invasive therapy – using a respirator (through a tracheotomy tube) or
- non-invasive therapy – with mouthpieces, masks and headphones.
A long-term home care team consisting of a doctor, nurse and physiotherapist cares for a patient with respiratory distress. The frequency and maximum number of home visits are determined individually by the doctor.