Around the world and a significant economic burden on the budgets of all civilized countries. The main components of medical incidents are: nosocomial infections (approximately 25 percent of adverse events), drug-related errors, surgical errors, medical equipment failure, misdiagnosis, and failure to respond to test results. Both in the hospital sector and in primary health care, a large proportion of adverse events can be avoided because they depend on systemic factors.
According to EU guidelines, patient safety means that the patient does not suffer unnecessarily or have any adverse health effects. 8-12% of hospitalized patients experience adverse health effects . The European Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that health-related infections occur in an average of one in 20 hospitalized patients, or 4.1 million patients per year across the Union, and 37 million people suffer from such infections. year of death
Education is the main issue
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are urging member states to involve more patients in protecting their health, mainly through education. Informing patients about the current standards in plain language is a key challenge and a zone of change. Recent research suggests that the aging population will be the main group funded by EU funds in the future, so patients need to be strengthened through their commitment to safety.
Capacity building also involves involving patient organizations and representatives in the development of safety policies and programs, health information, and safety measures taken to prevent or reduce errors and harm. This is information about the right of the patient to choose a course of treatment and to express their consent based on the treatment in order to facilitate its reception. EU guidelines define patients’ competencies, which means that they acquire knowledge and skills about their safety in the hospital.
The health care system should support the establishment of mechanisms to report adverse events and draw conclusions not only from patients or their families, but also from non-sanctioned staff.
Adverse Adjustment Reporting Systems:
(a) providing information on errors, adverse events and high-risk levels, types and causes;
(b) Encourage health professionals to actively report incidents through transparency, fairness and the absence of sanctions ;
(c) allow patients, their relatives and other informal caregivers to report on their experiences as necessary;
(d) Complement other safety reporting systems, such as pharmacovigilance and medical device tracking systems, to avoid duplication or duplication if possible.
The above recommendations of the WHO and the OECD show that European countries pay more attention to the wisdom and knowledge of patients and guarantee them many rights, including the right to health care and education. Patients’ rights are evolving. The best examples of this are informed consent and the right to information. There is a great medical revolution in this area, as in the 1960s it was believed that detailed information about the patient’s health could adversely affect the therapeutic process, so it is better to consult with the family. Today, when human relationships are weak and the family is not always the epicenter of life, the patient, of course, has become a party to the dialogue with the doctor.